News and announcements - Page 7
"What has been termed the “worst natural disaster in Brazil for decades” is, at closer scrutiny, more manmade than ‘natural’. In the rather successful state of Brazil, several city areas resemble failed states", writes Einar Braathen in an article on The NIBR International Blog, posted on 24 january 2011.
Social and economic inequality has for the last years been reduced in Latin America, for the first time in decades. In this article in Dagbladet on 14 December, associate professor Benedicte Bull at University of Oslo discusses the reasons behind this change.
In this article , published in Klassekampen between first and second election round, Einar Braathen , Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research, comments the two final candidates and the election campaign.
Dilma Roussef was elected the new president of Brazil on Sunday 31 October, but many challenges lie ahead. Considering what was debated during the campaign, Ms. Roussef did not present a clear proposal about how to improve the economic growth in Brazil besides the desire for continuity of Lula's policies.
Read the article by Yuri Kasahara here .
Unlike many traditional Mexican Catholic bishops, this years Rafto Prize laureate, José Raúl Vera López, is not afraid to defy the rich and powerful, as pointed out in this article by Hans Egil Offerdal at UiB Global, University of Bergen, first published in Vårt Land.
Ecuador has again been the scene of political unrest. In this article in Bergens Tidende, Hans Egil Offerdal at UiB Global, University of Bergen, takes a critical look at the way President Correa governs the country.
In this article in Klassekampen 31 August 2010 Hans Jacob Ohldieck, PhD student at the University of Bergen, critizes a recent news report on Cuba on Norwegian televison (Dagsrevyen) for giving a typical, but distorted, version of Cuban reality.
In this article in Dagbladet Benedicte Bull and Henrik Wiig respond to what they consider undocumented acussations from Thor Halvorssen against US economist Mark Weisbrot. Bull and Wiig make clear that it was NorLARNet and Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research (NIBR) that invited Weisbrot to Oslo to participate in a research seminar on the economic situation in Venezuela, with scholars with different views about the country’s macroeconomics and reality.
The Colombians are remarkably stable voters, but when they went to the polling stations on 30 May all analysts agreed that a political revolution was on the line. Then something strange happened…
In response to an article previously published by NorLARNet, Kirsten S. Natvig of Caritas Norway maintains that a boycott is not the way to go to promote a democratic development in Honduras, as it only affects the poorest part of the population. “Even the most ardent opponents of the coup and supporters of Zelaya among those with whom Caritas cooperates, have asked the international society to not boycott the country”, Natvig states. Read the article in Norwegian or in Spanish.
Five months from now there will be presidential elections in Brazil. The battle will stand between Dilma Rouseff from the Workers' Party (PT) and José Serra from the Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB). But the most exiting is what happens around a candidate that has no chance to win the elections, Marina Silva from The Green Party (PV). Are we witnessing the emergence of a new political force in Brazil?
General elections in Brazil are approaching and politicians get busy establishing deals. Even if the Brazilian party system seems to consolidate at the national level around two leading players, there is still room for important supporting actors.
Over the last months the already rampant violence related to organized crime in Mexico have increased further. In this article, visiting professor Carlos Flores at the University of Oslo, explains how the surge of organized crime is rooted in the structure and functioning of the Mexican state, and thus share the origin with the declining economic development, rising levels of poverty and increasing disillusion with democracy in Mexico. Read the article here in Norwegian or here in Spanish.
On June 29 last year the president of Honduras, Manuel Zelaya, was deposed in a coup d'état and sent to Costa Rica, and an interim government led by Roberto Micheletti was installed. This resulted in strong international reactions and the suspension of Honduras from the Organisation of American States (OAS). In November elections were held, and Porfirio Lobo Sosa was elected president. He took office on 27 January this year. Subsequently many countries have reestablished diplomatic relations with Honduras, and the country has disappeared from international news. The following two articles agrue that there is still a long way to go before Honduras can be called a democracy, and that the surrounding world should find new ways of relating to Honduras. Read the article by Jorge Bonilla here in Spanish or here in Norwegian, and the article by Nelson Salinas here in Spanish or here in Norwegian.
On Friday 26 February the Constitutional Court of Colombia ruled that Alvaro Uribe will not be allowed to run for a third period as president. This way the court ruled out the possibility of organizing a referendum about allowing a third consecutive presidential period. An era has come to an end in Colombia, and a new president will be elected this spring. What does this ruling mean for the Colombian democracy, and how will Uribe be remembered? Read the article by Knut Andreas O. Lid and Jemima García-Godos here in English or here in Norwegian.
Does it make sense to compare the president of El Salvador, Mauricio Funes, withLula? Could Funes be a mediator between different political fractions in such a divided country as El Salvador? And could he be a stabilizing factor in turbulent Central America, similar to what Lula has been in South America? Read the article by Nelson Salinas and Benedicte Bull here in Spanish or here in Norwegian.
In contrast to the fable about the three pigs and the wolf, in El Salvador the doors are closed for those who see their homes torn apart by natural phenomena as the storm Ida, after first having been denied solid construction materials. The resulting experience of impotence and lack of support aggravate the consequences of natural catastrophes for mental helath. Read the article by Nelson Salinas here (in Spanish) or here (in Norwegian).
The elections in Honduras give the country a possibility to solve the political crisis, despite sabotage from the international society, writes Leiv Marsteintredet from the University of Bergen in this article in Minerva (in Norwegian).
In this article, Benedicte Bull, associate professor at the University of Oslo and leader of NorLARNet, asks if Norwegian social scientists' interest in contributing to changes in Latin American societies is of any use for Latin Americans. Read the article here (in Norwegian).
On 15th september, in the middle of the tense Mapuche conflict, the most important international instrument on indigenous peoples' rights came into force in Chile. Read the article here (in Spanish only).
In this article in the Norwegian daily Bergens Tidende, researcher Wenche Hauge argues that President Alvaro Uribe’s plans to grant the US military rights to use at least seven Colombian army, navy and air force bases will lead to increased militarization of Colombia. The agreement has been strongly criticized by Senator Piedad Córdoba, who has been trying to initiate a peace process in the country for many years.
- Utelating av forskingsresultat, tilsynelatande mangel på eksakt kunnskap, komplettert med store dosar rasisme, gjorde at urfolk i Amazonasstroka i Peru kom svært dårleg ut i tidlegare tider, og no i 2009 syner det seg, igjen, at ein kvit, middelaldrande mann frå middelklasse i Peru har middelmådig politisk teft og manglande innsikt i og oversyn over store delar av landet han styrer, skriv Birgen Agvik i denne artikkelen. Les artikkelen her.
What groups and interests have caused the present political crisis in Honduras? Are the legal arguments against president Zelaya valid? Read the article here (only in Spanish)
This article looks into the background for Rafael Correas' victory in the elections on 26th April and describes the political project of the president. Read the article here (in Norwegian) and here (in English).
While the eyes of the world - and of the United States - are fixed at Mexico and the war against the drug violence there, Central America is struck by an even worse wave of violence. På norsk her. In English here.