Lula + 10: Achievements, directions
and challenges of the social transformations in Brazil
Wednesday 10 April; 13:00 - 16:00
(room: Amalie Skram), Wergelandsv. 29, Oslo
Ten years have passed since former metalworker and shoeshine-boy Luis Inácio “Lula” da Silva entered presidential power in Brazil. While initially provoking strong negative reactions from international investors as well as national economic elites, these ten years have been a period of unprecedented poverty reduction, strong economic growth, strengthened domestic democracy, bursting international investments and the rise of Brazil to a place among the major global political powers. Compared to other left-of-center reform projects, “Lulismo” in Brazil has also caused much less internal confrontations with political adversaries and economic elites. Yet it is the subject of criticism from environmental organizations, labor unions and other social movements, a criticism that has strengthened after the take-over by Lula’s handpicked successor Dilma Rousseff in 2011. What are the key features of “lulismo” and how has it changed over the course of the ten years? How has its support-coalition changed and can it be sustained? What are the prospects of deepening the reforms to ensure a more equal society, while simultaneously strengthen the capacity of the state to manage further economic growth and investments? And will the attraction of Brazil as a hotspot for Norwegian investments continue in the years to come?
In order to discuss these issues, we have André Vitor Singer, professor of political science of the University of São Paolo. He was Lula’s press secretary (2003-2005) and spokesman of the Presidency (2005-2007) during the first Lula Government, and has previously been a journalist of the Folha do São Paolo. He is the author of the book: Os sentidos do Lulismo: reforma gradual e pacto conservador (Making sense of Lulism: gradual reform and a conservative pact, Companhia do Letras, 2012) and a number of articles on the ideology and policies of the Workers’ Party and “lulismo”, including A segunda alma do Partido dos Trabalhadores (The second soul of the Workers’ Party, Novos Estudos CEBRAP, 2010) and Raízes sociais e ideológicas do lulismo (Social and ideological roots of lulism, Novos Estudos CEBRAP, 2009).
In order to comment, we have:
Harald Marthinsen, Chief Development Officer, Northern Iron Ltd/Syd-Varanger Gruve AS.
Before joining Northern Iron Ltd in September 2011 Mr. Martinsen held a position of Vice President Business Development at Norsk Hydro ASA. Past experience includes 6 years as head of Norsk Hydro in Brazil, board member and chair of The Norwegian-Brazilian Chamber of Commerce in Rio, board member of The Brazilian-Norwegian Chamber of Commerce in Oslo and two years as program director for The Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise (NHO) for Brazil.
Einar Braathen, senior researcher at the international department of the Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research (NIBR).
He has been involved in several research projects on Brazil for the last years and leads the project "Cities against poverty: Brazilian experiences". His most recent publication is "Transformation Institutionalized? Making Sense of Participatory Democracy in the Lula Era" with Gianpaolo Baiocch and Ana Claudia Teixeira in K.Stokke & O. Törnquist (eds.),2013, Democratization in the Global South: The Importance of Transformative Politics. Palgrave Macmillan: Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire (UK).
Torkjell Leira, Human geographer, writer and consultant.
Leira has worked and studied in Brazil and the Amazon for several years, including six years in Rainforest Foundation Norway (RFN). He lectures at Norwegian universities, is the author of the blog brasileira.no and of a forthcoming book on modern Brazil.
Organized in cooperation with The Brazilian-Norwegian Chamber of Commerce.