For some years, Brazil experienced a significant drop in deforestation. In international climate talks, the government could boast of reduced emissions of greenhouse gasses. When a coalition of actors attempted to turn the energy sector in an equally climate friendly direction, the obstacles proved much more difficult to overcome.
It has been called the world’s largest experiment in participatory democracy, but did it become too large to possibly be successful? In his PhD project, Sveinung Legard has studied the achievements and limitations of participatory budgeting in Southern Brazil.
After six decades of war and countless people killed, why care about who owns the seed? Read the article (in Norwegian) on David Rodriguez Goyes’ work with the PhD thesis “Biopiracy from a green criminological perspective” at the web site of the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law, University of Oslo.
See also the summary in English of his thesis.
In Nicaragua, the authorities want more women to give birth at hospitals. The goal of high numbers overshadows the quality of health services for poor women, says Birgit Kvernflaten, University of Oslo, in this interview about her doctoral thesis. Read the article at Kilden (in Norwegian).
An interdisciplinary research team headed by Ana Beatriz Chiquito at the University of Bergen, and involving eight universities in Latin America, has been looking at how poverty is presented in the biggest newspapers in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Mexico. They found a technical language that makes it more difficult to understand the causes and effects of poverty. Read the article at the University of Bergen’s web site.
Since 2011, Steinar Sæther, University of Oslo, and several colleagues have studied the stories of Norwegians who chose to migrate to Latin America at a time when hundreds of thousands traveled to North America. Many of the stories they found, and as told in the book "Expectations Unfulfilled: Norwegian Migrants in Latin America, 1820-1940", are about disappointed emigrants. Read the article on the research project (from ILOS, University of Oslo).
How do Dominicans and Haitians create a moral life in an area characterized by poverty and mistrust? Kimberly Wynne explores this in her PHD dissertation "Blood, Sweat and Bananas. Making a Moral Life on the Margins of the Dominican Republic" (2015). Read the article on her fieldwork on the web site of the Department of Social Anthropology, University of Oslo (in Norwegian).
On 24 October Kristian Hoelscher defended his doctoral thesis “Institutions and Social Violence” at the University of Oslo. Read the article on his research in Pernambuco in north-eastern Brazil, demonstrating the large impact institutions have a on the prevalence of violence in a society – in English (at www.sv.uio.no) or in Norwegian (at www.forskning.no).
Pentecostals are the fastest growing religious group in Latin America, and the second largest after Catholics. In Argentina Hans Geir Aasmundsen has observed how they are increasingly engaging in social questions, and he predicts that the Pentecostal churches will come to challenge the position the Catholic Church has had in politics over centuries.
Diarrheal diseases and dengue fever are major health problems in Colombia. The Norwegian University of Life Sciences in collaboration with researchers from the UK and Colombia are looking at the combined risk of getting diarrhea infections and dengue fever, and whether integrated intervention measures can improve the health situation for school children at primary schools in Colombia.
Cuban nationalism amplified by patriotic salsa rhythms replaced Marxist ideology when the Soviet Union collapsed and the Russians went home. Read the interview with Kjetil Klette Bøhler, based on his PhD dissertation in Musicology at the University of Oslo, in the Research Magazine Apollon.
Many Latin American countries have a presidential government based on multi-party coalitions. Leiv Marsteintredet, University of Oslo, is seeking to find out whether the office of vice president in such governments is a source of political stability or instability. Read the interview with Marsteintredet in the Research Magazine Apollon.
Sexual violence is a major problem in Nicaragua, but even if the woman's life is in danger, she has no right to abortion, tells Birgit Kvernflaten, University of Oslo, who has done research on the health system and maternal health in Nicaragua, in an interview with the Research Magazine Apollon (in Norwegian).
Small farmers in the Peruvian Andes relate to water as a living being. They sacrifice llama fat, coca leaves and alcohol to the water source. Now, climate change and the global economy may lead to major changes in their culture. Read the interview with Astrid B. Stensrud, University of Oslo in the Research Magazine Apollon (in Norwegian).
In their research on transitional justice, Nora Sveaas, University of Oslo, and Anne-Margrethe Sønneland, Diakonhjemmet University College, explore the role and importance of legal settlements and compensation schemes for victims of torture, forced disappearance and similar serious human rights violations in Peru and Argentina. Read the interview in the Research Magazine Apollon (in Norwegian).
Since 2002 the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law at the Unvisersity of Oslo has cooperated with the University of Havana on exchange of researchers and teaching of Criminology for Cuban lawyers. Read the article in the Research Magazine Apollon (in Norwegian).
What are the consequences for honeybees from living nearby genetically modified maize crops? And do genetically modified products have an impact on the size of a dung beetle population? A Norwegian - Brazilian cooperative research project are investigating these, and many other questions related to the impact of the use of genetically modified organisms (GMO's).
Researcher and PhD candidate Cecilie Hirsch examines the challenges of implementing the international climate change mitigation initiative REDD (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) in the Bolivian context, and focuses on the role of civil society and social movements in the shaping of environmental policy.
Audun Solli is doctoral candidate at the Interfaculty research area Cultural Transformations in the Age of Globalization (Kultrans) at the University of Oslo. His research analyzes Mexican and Venezuelan cinema to answer questions about the nature of modern states and how they are best conceptualized.
After completing 8,000 interviews in 21 countries, a unique project on attitudes towards Latin-American Spanish and how they form the linguistic identity of its speakers, is coming to an end.
Article in Norwegian (pages 40-41) from the magazine Hubro.
Many scientists and students from both Brazil and Norway have been involved in the project "BERRYSYS - A systems approach to biological control in organic and integrated strawberry production".
Researcher Anna Birgitte Milford has examined why some coffee farmers are still unwilling to join co-operatives which can provide them the Fairtrade label.
Torbjørn Haugaasen has been leading a project investigating the ecology of the Brazil nut tree.The tree produces one of the most socio-economically important non-timber forest products in Amazonia – the Brazil nut (paranøtter).
What would Brazilian workers and trade unions gain from a social clause – a linkage between the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) that would condition a country's trading rights on its compliance with core labour standards, including freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining?
What happens to old economic elite groups when economic liberalization removes old privileges and economic globalization requires outward orientation and competition for home markets? And what are the implications of their strategies to confront these new challenges for the sustainable development of their home countries?